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Help on Download Options


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Read this book onine: HTML5
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Infrequently used formats

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The approximate file size.

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Help on the Bibliographic Record

This table contains all information we collected about the eBook. We don’t have every possible information item for every eBook - usually we only present what we have.

Note that new eBooks have minimal data in the bibliographic record, because records are first created automatically. Our volunteer catalogers add the rest of the information after new eBooks are published by Project Gutenberg, typically within a week or so. Metadata may be updated from time to time.

Similar books
Download patterns help to automatically identify similar eBooks. Note that Project Gutenberg usage is anonymous, as described in our privacy policy. Logs from our web server and database are the only sources utilized to identify similar eBooks.

This information is not usually available for our newest eBooks, since download patterns have not yet been made.

Readers also downloaded… :A link to eBooks that were downloaded by previous visitors.

In … :Links to this eBook’s subject heading(s) or bookshelf listings, listing other eBooks with the same subject. Bookshelf listings are human-curated topical collections, but are outdated and not currently maintained.

Metadata fields

Commonly utilized metadata fields are:

The person or entity that wrote the book.
The title of the book.
Alternate title
Any alternate title, if known. This may be used for translated titles, if applicable.
Notes added by the cataloger team. Notes give additional information to the reader.
Original publication
Publication information from the print source(s) we used for digitization, when known. Project Gutenberg does not seek to exactly match print sources, and might use multiple sources for any given eBook. If knowing the exact provenance of an eBook is important to you, you might need to do your own comparison of the Project Gutenberg eBook to known print sources to identify what is different. You may also be able to get in touch with the producers of the eBook via information in the Credit line.
Typically this mentions who produced this eBook, and what resource(s) provided the original publication for digitization.
All languages used in the book for main bodies of text. A foreign citation alone does not get a language tag.
Text or Sound.
LoC Class
Library of Congress Classification. Project Gutenberg only uses the first 2 letters. This classification may help you find books in a special area of interest. The LoC class records are usually added to new eBooks within a few weeks of their publication by Project Gutenberg.
One or more subjects. The subject headings are usually added to new eBooks within a few weeks of their publication by Project Gutenberg. You can select a subject, to link to a search page for other eBooks with the same subject. This is a great way to browse the Project Gutenberg collection.
This is the Project Gutenberg catalog number (or assession number). Every PG eBook has a different one.
Release Date
This is the date the eBook was first published by Project Gutenberg. Project Gutenberg publications do not match exactly any print edition, so they are considered to be new publications. Project Gutenberg eBooks are frequently updated, and dates of updates are usually reflected within the eBook itself.
Copyright Status
Whether the eBook is copyrighted in the U.S. If you don’t live in the U.S. you have to check the copyright laws of your country before downloading an eBook! PG does not know the copyright status of any of its ebooks in any country except the U.S. You may download a copyrighted ebook for your personal use but have to contact the copyright owner if you want to redistribute it.
The approximate number of downloads in the last 30 days.